Carl Edward Sagan was an American astronomer, Cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist and author. He was born on 9 November 1934, and his birthplace is Brooklyn, New York. Carl is also well known as, Astronomer whose love of space inspired readers and TV viewers to look to the stars. He is best known for co-writing and narrating the award-winning 1980 television series Cosmos: A personal Voyage. Carl originates from the United States. Neil deGrasse Tyson hosted 2014’s Cosmos: A spacetime Odyssey, a follow-up to Satan’s Cosmos. Carl is one of the famous and trending celebrities who is popular for being an Astronomer. Carl Sagan is a member of the famous Astronomer List.
Carl Sagan, also known as “the astronomer of the people”, was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, author and researcher. He made crucial contributions in popularizing astronomy to the public. He authored over 600 scientific papers and wrote several books about astronomy and natural sciences. All these made him the most known Scientist in the 1970s and 1980s. Carl Sagan died on 20 December 1996, at the age 62 in Seattle, Washington, United States.
|Full Name||Carl Edward Sagan|
|Date of birth||9 November 1934|
|Birth place||Brooklyn, New York City, New York|
|Date of death||20 December 1996|
|Death place||Seattle, Washington, United States|
|Cause of death||Cancer|
|Age (at the time of death)||62|
|Famous As||Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Writer, Author|
|Founder/ Co-founder||Planetary Society|
|Mother||Rachel Molly Sagan|
About Educational Qualification –
|School||Rahway High School|
|University||University of Chicago|
Marital status and More –
|Spouse||Ann Druyan (M. 1981-1996)|
|Ex-Wife||Lynn Margulis (M. 1957-1965)Linda Saltzman (M. 1968-1981)|
|Children(s)||Jeremy Sagan and Dorian Sagan from (Lynn Margulis), Nick Sagan from (Linda Saltzman), Alexandra Sagan and Samuel Sagan from (Ann Druyan)|
Net worth –
Carl Sagan net worth or net income is estimated to be between $ 1 Million – $ 5 Million dollars. He has made such an amount of wealth from his primary career as an Astronomer.
|Net worth||Between $1 Million – $5 Million|
|Source of Income||Astronomer|
Early Life and Childhood –
Carl Sagan was born in New York in 1934 to a garment worker, Samuel Sagan. His mother was Rachel Molly Gruber, a homemaker. Carl was the eldest of his parent’s two Children; he had a sister called Carol. In 1939, When he was four, his parents took him to the New York World’s Fair. This became a turning point in his life and little Sagan developed an early interest in Skyscrapers, science, space and the stars. His parents encouraged his growing interest in science by giving him chemistry sets and books. After graduating from Rahway High School in 1951, he went on to acquire three different science degrees.
Sagan was a lecturer and researcher at Harvard University until 1968. He then joined Cornell University in Ithaca, where he became a full Professor in 1971, and later, the director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies. He remained at Cornell until 1981.
Personal Life –
Carl Sagan got married thrice in his life. In 1957, he married Lynn Margulis. She was an evolutionary theorist, science author and educator. The couple had two children, Jeremy and Dorian Sagan. In 1965, the Marriage ended in divorce. He next married artist and writer Linda Salzman on April 6, 1968. She created the artwork for the Pioneer plaque, co-produced the Voyager Golden Record and co-authored ‘Murmurs of the Earth’. The couple had a son named, Nick Sagan. In 1981, this marriage also ended in a divorce. At the same year, he married Ann Druyan, an award winning writer and producer specializing in the communication of science. They had two children, Alexandra and Samuel Sagan. The marriage lasted until his death in 1996.
Two years before his death, Sagan developed myelodysplasia. Subsequently, he had to receive three bone marrow transplantations. Later he developed pneumonia and died from it in the early morning of December 20, 1996.
In 1960, Carl Edward Sagan began his career as a Miller Fellow at the University of California, Barkley. There, he helped a team of astrophysicists to develop an infrared radiometer for NASA’s Mariner 2 robotic probe. In 1962, Sagan joined Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, an affiliated institute of Harvard University, as an assistant professor. Concurrently, he was a visiting scientist to NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
In the latter capacity, he contributed significantly to the first Mariner missions to Venus, working both on its design and management. Working with Joshua Lederberg, Sagan also helped to expand the role of biology in NASA. During this period, he mainly worked on the physical conditions of different planets, especially Mars and Venus. He also became interested in life beyond the earth and experimentally demonstrated that amino acids could be produced from basic chemicals through radiation. From it, he concluded that the existence of extraterrestrial beings was not at all farfetched.
In 1968, on being refused academic tenure at Harvard, Sagan joined Cornell University (Ithaca, New York) as an associate professor. In 1970, he became a full professor and also the Director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies at the University. In 1971, together with Frank Drake, Sagan co-designed the first physical message aimed at extraterrestrial intelligence. Known as Pioneer plaques, these were attached to Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 spacecraft in the hope that extraterrestrial beings might find them one day. In 1972, Sagan became the Associate Director of the Center for Radiophysics and Space Research (CRSR) at Cornell and held the post till 1981. Concurrently, he continued working as a consultant to NASA and in 1975, helped select the Mars landing sites for the Viking probes. In 1976, he became the David Duncan Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences, a position he held for the remainder of his life.
Sagan was also a prolific writer and had successfully used his pen to popularize astronomy. He authored over 600 scientific papers and wrote several books about astronomy and natural sciences. However, his best known work was ‘Cosmos’, published in 1980. In the same year, the book was turned into a thirteen part television series called ‘Cosmos: A Personal Voyage’. Sagan himself was the presenter of the series and for a decade it remained the most widely watched series in the history of American public television. Apart from that, it was broadcast in 60 countries and watched by over 500 million people.
His last major work was ‘The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark’ (1995). In it, he tried to explain the scientific method to laypersons and encourage skeptical thinking.
Awards & Honour
- Annual Award for Television Excellence—1981—Ohio State University—PBS series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- Apollo Achievement Award—National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal—National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1977)
- Emmy—Outstanding Individual Achievement—1981—PBS series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- Emmy—Outstanding Informational Series—1981—PBS series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- Fellow of the American Physical Society–1989
- Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal—National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- Helen Caldicott Leadership Award – Awarded by Women’s Action for Nuclear Disarmament
- Hugo Award—1981—Best Dramatic Presentation—Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- Hugo Award—1981—Best Related Non-Fiction Book—Cosmos
- Hugo Award—1998—Best Dramatic Presentation—Contact
- Humanist of the Year—1981—Awarded by the American Humanist Association
- American Philosophical Society—1995—Elected to membership.
- In Praise of Reason Award—1987—Committee for Skeptical Inquiry
- Isaac Asimov Award—1994—Committee for Skeptical Inquiry
- John F. Kennedy Astronautics Award—1982—American Astronautical Society
- Special non-fiction Campbell Memorial Award—1974—The Cosmic Connection: An Extraterrestrial Perspective
- Joseph Priestley Award—”For distinguished contributions to the welfare of mankind”
- Klumpke-Roberts Award of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific—1974
- Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement—1975
- Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Medal—Awarded by the Soviet Cosmonauts Federation
- Locus Award 1986—Contact
- Lowell Thomas Award—The Explorers Club—75th Anniversary
- Masursky Award—American Astronomical Society
- Miller Research Fellowship—Miller Institute (1960–1962)
- Oersted Medal—1990—American Association of Physics Teachers
- Peabody Award—1980—PBS series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage
- Le Prix Galabert d’astronautique—International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
- Public Welfare Medal—1994—National Academy of Sciences
- Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction—1978—The Dragons of Eden
- Science Fiction Chronicle Award—1998—Dramatic Presentation—Contact
- UCLA Medal–1991
- Inductee to International Space Hall of Fame in 2004
- Named the “99th Greatest American” on June 5, 2005, Greatest American television series on the Discovery Channel
- Named an honorary member of the Demosthenian Literary Society on November 10, 2011
- New Jersey Hall of Fame—2009—Inductee.
- Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) Pantheon of Skeptics—April 2011—Inductee
- Grand-Cross of the Order of Saint James of the Sword, Portugal (November 23, 1998)
- Honorary Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) degree from Whittier College in 1978.
Carl Sagan Books
- Intelligent Life in the Universe (1966)
- Planets (1966)
- The Cosmic Connection (1973)
- Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (1974)
- Other Worlds (1975)
- Dragons of Eden (1977)
- Broca’s Brain (1979)
- Cosmos (1980)
- Murmurs of Earth (1983)
- Comet (1985)
- Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (1992)
- Pale Blue Dot (1994)
- The Demon-Haunted World (1995)
- Billions & Billions (1997)
- The Varieties of Scientific Experience (2006)
Carl Sagan Inspirational & Motivational Quotes
- We have also arranged things so that almost no one understands science and technology. This is a prescription for disaster. We might get away with it for a while, but sooner or later this combustible mixture of ignorance and power is going to blow up in our faces. – Carl Sagan
- We’ve arranged a civilization in which most crucial elements profoundly depend on science and technology. – Carl Sagan
- We live in a society exquisitely dependent on science and technology, in which hardly anyone knows anything about science and technology. – Carl Sagan
- If you wish to make an apple pie from scratch, you must first invent the universe. – Carl Sagan
- All of the books in the world contain no more information than is broadcast as video in a single large American city in a single year. Not all bits have equal value. – Carl Sagan
- It is far better to grasp the universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring. – Carl Sagan
- The brain is like a muscle. When it is in use we feel very good. Understanding is joyous. – Carl Sagan
- If we long to believe that the stars rise and set for us, that we are the reason there is a Universe, does science do us a disservice in deflating our conceits? – Carl Sagan
- Skeptical scrutiny is the means, in both science and religion, by which deep thoughts can be winnowed from deep nonsense. – Carl Sagan
- Who are we? We find that we live on an insignificant planet of a humdrum star lost in a galaxy tucked away in some forgotten corner of a universe in which there are far more galaxies than people. – Carl Sagan
- Science is a way of thinking much more than it is a body of knowledge. – Carl Sagan
- For small creatures such as we the vastness is bearable only through love. – Carl Sagan
- I am often amazed at how much more capability and enthusiasm for science there is among elementary school youngsters than among college students. – Carl Sagan
- Personally, I would be delighted if there were a life after death, especially if it permitted me to continue to learn about this world and others, if it gave me a chance to discover how history turns out. – Carl Sagan
- Imagination will often carry us to worlds that never were. But without it we go nowhere. – Carl Sagan
- A celibate clergy is an especially good idea, because it tends to suppress any hereditary propensity toward fanaticism. – Carl Sagan